These statements are based on reductionist thinking. Although reductionist thinking is very usefull in certain fields of study technology for example , it has a very poor track reccord at predicting the complexity of nature. Here are two counter points to the advice above:. These statements are most likely based on either scientific research or personal observation done on commercial hop farms.
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Hop plants under commercial management are susceptible to disease simply because of poor soil management practices. A healthy hop plant will be disease free, regardless of whether or not there is mulch underneath it! Commercial hop farms are typically monocultures. Commercial hop farms, even if they are Organic, are heavily fertilized. Fertilizers, even organic fertilizers, kill beneficial soil organisms. The soils have also likely been tilled at some point, killing even more beneficial organisms.
It is also likely that pesticides have been applied as well.
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These missing beneficial soil organisms are natures way of protecting the plant roots from disease. They are not present in commercial hop farms, therefore the plant roots are vulnerable to disease. Commercial hop farms also have many other factors which would contribute to diseases becoming a problem: compacted soil, anaerobic soil, lack of bug diversity, lack of micronutrients, lack of genetic diversity, etc. Poor soil mismanagement, whether on a large scale or in a backyard garden, will still have the same results: death of beneficial soil organisms, opening the door for disease.
Commercial varieties of Hops are actually very similar to the original wild hop plant, domestication has not altered them very much. Therefore they should behave very much like wild hop plants:. Wild hop plants are widespread in Europe. They grow primarily on the edges of forests. They always have mulch!
Wild hop plants have evolved to thrive in this natural environment over millions of years, they are highly adapted to it. It is unlikely that a few hundred years of dommestication would be able to undo millions of years of evolution. Therefore hop plants must be well adapted to growing in the presence of decaying organic matter mulch , because that is the only place they grow in the wild.neitervinotal.tk
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The principles I have talked about here apply to all plants except pioneer, weedy plants… which actually like bare soil and all soils. Diseases on plants are actually just symptoms; they are signs of an unhealthy plant. And likewise, unhealthy plants are usually a sign of an unhealthy soil. Mulch is one of the best ways to repair an unhealthy soil. You are free to form whatever opinion you would like.
If you are at all in doubt about what to believe I would recommend performing this experiment to find out the truth for yourself:.
Holistic Management Handbook
Here are the key points to having a healthy, weed-free, green lawn using only organic practices :. A Holistic Context is necessary for anyone who wants to be a Holistic Manager. It can help you with your personal life, your business, and your family life. Having a Holistic Context has eliminated a lot of decision-making stress in my life. No longer are decisions made toward objectives or goals alone, but always toward a new concept called the holistic context for any management situation.
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The holistic context provides the context for all objectives, goals or actions toward any vision or mission. Here is a step by step guide to the process which I have developed based on a combination of the techniques used by Allan Savory, as described in his book , and the techniques used by Don Campbell who is one of the top Holistic Management Educators in the world. They should include anyone making day-to-day decisions in the family, business, corporate division, or whatever entity your whole is based on.
They should range from these who make the most profound, far-reaching decisions, to those making the most mundane decisions — from the owner of the coffee shop to the person who serves across the counter; from the owner of the ranch to the cowboys handling the cattle….
Make a list of them all, trying to be inclusive rather than exclusive. This is essential to success. You are not after a detailed list of every asset you have, only a very general one. This might include cash on hand or money in a savings account or available from relatives, shareholders, or a line of credit at the bank. And it would almost always include money that could be generated from the physical resources listed in your resource base.
THE BENEFITS OF HOLISTIC MANAGEMENT FOR FARMERS
In stating your basic purpose, you will want to get at the heart of the matter. The statement should reflect, in very few words, what you were formed to do. If it takes you more than a sentence or two, you have not thought carefully enough…. It takes a little more thought than that. One form of production might meet several of the needs described, and vice versa. Vary the attributes according to the people you are concerned about, whether they be clients and suppliers, extended family, environmental groups, or a representative from a regulatory agency.
What is Holistic Management? There are three parts to Holistic Management…. Holistic Decision Making.
Holistic Decision making is a framework for making decisions any decisions which do not have unintended consequences. Holistic Decision making can be practiced by individuals, entire populations, or anything in between. The framework looks like this:. The Holistic Management Movement. The Holistic Management Movement is the worldwide community of people who are using Holistic Decision Making in their management and in their lives. The Movement started in the 80s similar to Permaculture and has now spread to every continent.
Hundreds of millions of acres are now under Holistic Management! There are two primary organizations which are the driving force behind the movement: Holistic Management International , and The Savory Institute. Holistic Management Tools. These four processes help land managers to address the root causes of the problems in their ecosystems and attain the fastest and longest-lasting results. Holistic Financial Planning is probably one of the tools most desperately needed by Permaculture. If a landscape, organization, or person does not generate a profit than it will soon be replaced by something that does.
Holistic Management Handbook
Therefore, profit is an essential aspect of true sustainability. Profit allows us to achieve the quality of life we desire, and it also allows us to multiply our positive impact on the world. Imagine if you, as a Permaculture person, made as much money as a Wall Street investor? The world would be transformed overnight! Holistic Financial Planning is more effective than conventional financial planning at guaranteeing a profit while also taking into account your personal non-monetary goals.
However most offshoots of Holistic Planned Grazing have left out very important parts of the process.
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