Since , Asian Americans have been active at the national level and have had multiple officeholders at local, state, and national levels.
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With higher proportions and densities of Asian American populations, Hawaii has most consistently sent Asian Americans to the Senate, and Hawaii and California have most consistently sent Asian Americans to the House of Representatives. The first Asian American member of the U. Bush administration. The highest ranked Asian American by order of precedence currently in office is Secretary of Transportation Elaine Chao , who previously served as Secretary of Labor.
As of [update] , three Asian Americans have ran for the office of President of the United States. In and , Hawaiian Senator Hiram Fong ran for president. Carol Lin is perhaps best known for being the first to break the news of on CNN. Sanjay Gupta is currently CNN's chief health correspondent. Fareed Zakaria , a naturalized Indian-born immigrant, is a prominent journalist and author specializing in international affairs.
John Yang won a Peabody Award. Serving in both segregated and non-segregated units until the desegregation of the US Military in , 31 have been awarded the nation's highest award for combat valor, the Medal of Honor. Asian Americans have contributed to sports in the United States through much of the 20th Century. Some of the most notable contributions include Olympic sports, but also in professional sports, particularly in the post-World War II years. As the Asian American population grew in the late 20th century, Asian American contributions expanded to more sports.
In recognition of the unique culture, traditions, and history of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, the United States government has permanently designated the month of May to be Asian Pacific American Heritage Month. Asian immigrants are also changing the American medical landscape through increasing number of Asian medical practitioners in the United States. Beginning in the s and s, the US government invited a number of foreign physicians particularly from India and the Philippines to address the shortage of physicians in rural and medically underserved urban areas.
The trend in importing foreign medical practitioners, however, became a long-term solution as US schools failed to produce enough health care providers to match the increasing population. Amid decreasing interest in medicine among American college students due to high educational costs and high rates of job dissatisfaction, loss of morale, stress, and lawsuits, Asian American immigrants maintained a supply of healthcare practitioners for millions of Americans.
It is documented that Asian American international medical graduates including highly skilled guest workers using the J1 Visa program for medical workers, tend to serve in health professions shortage areas HPSA and specialties that are not filled by US medical graduates especially primary care and rural medicine. Among Asian Americans, nearly one in four are likely to use common alternative medicine.
Among America's major racial categories, Asian Americans have the highest educational qualifications. This varies, however, for individual ethnic groups. Because Asian Americans total about 5. This concept appears to elevate Asian Americans by portraying them as an elite group of successful, highly educated, intelligent, and wealthy individuals, but it can also be considered an overly narrow and overly one-dimensional portrayal of Asian Americans, leaving out other human qualities such as vocal leadership, negative emotions, risk taking, ability to learn from mistakes, and desire for creative expression.
Traits outside of the model minority mold can be seen as negative character flaws for Asian Americans despite those very same traits being positive for the general American majority e. For this reason, Asian Americans encounter a "bamboo ceiling", the Asian American equivalent of the glass ceiling in the workplace, with only 1. The bamboo ceiling is defined as a combination of individual, cultural, and organisational factors that impede Asian Americans' career progress inside organizations.
Since then, a variety of sectors including nonprofits, universities, the government have discussed the impact of the ceiling as it relates to Asians and the challenges they face. As described by Anne Fisher, the "bamboo ceiling" refers to the processes and barriers that serve to exclude Asians and American people of Asian descent from executive positions on the basis of subjective factors such as "lack of leadership potential" and "lack of communication skills" that cannot actually be explained by job performance or qualifications.
In , there were 1.
In , out of a total of , applicants, , became new Americans. Department of Homeland Security , legal permanent residents or green card holders from India, Philippines and China were among the top nationals applying for U. Due to the stereotype of Asian Americans being successful as a group and having the lowest crime rates in the United States, illegal immigration is mostly focused on those from Mexico and Latin America while leaving out Asians. Asian Americans have been the targets of violence based on their race and or ethnicity.
This includes, but is not limited to, such events as the Rock Springs massacre ,  Watsonville Riots ,  Bellingham Riots in against South Asians,  attacks upon Japanese Americans following the attack on Pearl Harbor ,  and Korean American businesses targeted during the Los Angeles riots.
After the September 11 attacks , Sikh Americans were targeted, becoming the victims of numerous hate crimes , including murder. Recent waves of immigration of Asian Americans to largely African American neighborhoods have led to cases of severe racial tension. Asian-owned businesses have been a frequent target of tensions between black and Asian Americans. During the Los Angeles riots, more than Korean-owned businesses were looted or burned by groups of African Americans. Until the late 20th century, the term "Asian American" was adopted mostly by activists, while the average person of Asian ancestries identified with their specific ethnicity.
Stereotypes of Asians have been largely collectively internalized by society and these stereotypes have mainly negative repercussions for Asian Americans and Asian immigrants in daily interactions, current events , and governmental legislation. In many instances, media portrayals of East Asians often reflect a dominant Americentric perception rather than realistic and authentic depictions of true cultures, customs and behaviors.
Study has indicated that most non-Asian Americans do not generally differentiate between Asian Americans of different ethnicities. There is a widespread perception that Asian Americans are not "American" but are instead " perpetual foreigners ". Many East Asian Americans are asked if they are Chinese or Japanese, an assumption based on major groups of past immigrants. Asian Americans are sometimes characterized as a model minority in the United States because many of their cultures encourage a strong work ethic, a respect for elders, a high degree of professional and academic success, a high valuation of family, education and religion.
The implicit advice is that the other minorities should stop protesting and emulate the Asian American work ethic and devotion to higher education. Some critics say the depiction replaces biological racism with cultural racism, and should be dropped. The model minority concept can also affect Asians' public education.
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The disparity at postgraduate levels is even greater, and the differential is especially notable in fields making heavy use of mathematics. By , a plurality of undergraduates at such elite public California schools as UC Berkeley and UCLA , which are obligated by law to not consider race as a factor in admission, were Asian American. The pattern is rooted in the pre-World War II era. Native-born Chinese and Japanese Americans reached educational parity with majority whites in the early decades of the 20th century. The model minority concept can be emotionally damaging to some Asian Americans, particularly since they are expected to live up to those peers who fit the stereotype.
The "model minority" stereotype fails to distinguish between different ethnic groups with different histories. In , Asian American earnings were found to exceed all other racial groups when all Asian ethnic groups are grouped as a whole. There are major disparities that exist among Asian Americans when specific ethnic groups are examined. For example, in , Asian Americans had the highest educational attainment level of any racial demographic in the country.
The Asian American groups that have low educational attainment and high rates of poverty both in average individual and median income are Bhutanese Americans ,   Bangladeshi Americans ,    Cambodian Americans ,   Burmese Americans ,  Nepali Americans ,  Hmong Americans ,    and Laotian Americans.
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Issues such as suicide, crime, and mental illness. Census Bureau definition of Asians refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from South Asian American. Ethnic group. This article is about the U. For populations of Asians across the Americas, see Asians in the Americas.
American English Asian languages Spanish . See also: Racial classification of Indian Americans. Main article: Demographics of Asian Americans. Main article: History of Asian Americans. See also: Asian immigration to the United States.
Related Voices of the Asian American and Pacific Islander Experience [2 volumes]
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